The Impact of Remittances on Food Security Status in the Global South

Authors

  • Narges Ebadi McGill University, School of Human Nutrition
  • Davod Ahmadi McGill Institute for Global Food Security
  • Ibrahim Sirkeci Regent's University London, Centre for Transnational Business and Management https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2334-7424
  • Hugo Melgar-Quiñonez McGill Institute for Global Food Security

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33182/rr.v3i2.543

Keywords:

refugees, ethical universalism, ethical particularism, comparable cost, fair share

Abstract

International remittances to developing countries attract increasing attention because of their rise in volume and their impact on the recipient countries. Receiving remittances from outside the country has become a household coping strategy that might reduce poverty, alleviate hunger, promote better diets and increase productive investments. The main purpose of this study is to investigate the link between receiving remittances and the food security status in the Global South countries. This is the first study that examines the association between food security and receiving remittances by using the Food Insecurity Experience Scale (FIES) for individuals in the Global South. Data were obtained from the 2017 Gallup World Poll (GWP), which interviewed face-to-face 68,463 individuals in more than 60 countries. We have found a significant association between receiving remittances and food security. In the unadjusted logistics regression, irrespective of geography, severe food insecurity was significantly related to not receiving remittances (OR=1.532; P= 0.000). Although receiving remittances seems to positively affect the food security status of individuals in the GS, the association might not apply to all countries in the analyzed sample.

Author Biographies

Ibrahim Sirkeci, Regent's University London, Centre for Transnational Business and Management

Ibrahim Sirkeci is Professor of Transnational Studies & Marketing and Director of Centre for Transnational Business and Management at Regent’s University London. Ibrahim Sirkeci received his Ph.D. in Geography in 2003 from the University of Sheffield. He is also a graduate of Bilkent University and Institute of Education (University College London). Before joining Regent's University London in 2005, Prof Sirkeci worked at the University of Bristol and Atilim University.

Hugo Melgar-Quiñonez, McGill Institute for Global Food Security

Dr Melgar-Quiñonez is the Director of the Institute for Global Food Security and the Margaret A. Gilliam Faculty Scholar in Food Security with an appointment in the McGill School of Dietetics and Human Nutrition. With a degree in Medicine (1992) and a doctoral degree in Science s (1996) from the Friedrich Schiller University in Germany, he moved to McGill in September of 2012, after 9 years of work as a professor in the Department of Nutrition at the Ohio State University (2003-2012). Previously he worked in public health nutrition and food security research at the University of California in Davis (1998-2003) and at the Mexican Institute of Public Health (1996-1998).

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Published

2018-10-25

How to Cite

Ebadi, N., Ahmadi, D., Sirkeci, I., & Melgar-Quiñonez, H. (2018). The Impact of Remittances on Food Security Status in the Global South. Remittances Review, 3(2), 135-150. https://doi.org/10.33182/rr.v3i2.543

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Section

Articles