State Healthcare and the Impact of Remittances on Turnout in Mexico

Authors

  • Ana Isabel Lopez Garcia El Colegio de la Frontera Norte

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33182/rr.v1i1.444

Keywords:

Electoral participation, international remittances, Mexican politics, welfare programmes, clientelism

Abstract

In Mexico remittances have long been used to compensate for the lack of coverage and quality of state-provided healthcare. Since the mid-2000s, however, those without insurance have been entitled to receive free healthcare via the Seguro Popular programme. While popular, the delivery of this scheme is highly localised and therefore vulnerable to political manipulation. Using a series of regression models based on data at the municipality level, this paper analyses all local elections in Mexico between 2010 and 2012 and the presidential election of 2012 to confirm results of the previous literature which found a negative relationship between remittances and voter turnout. However, the analysis reveals that the negative impact of remittances on turnout becomes larger with additional increases in the coverage of Seguro Popular, though only in those municipalities where the PRI (the former hegemonic party) is electorally strong. The evidence thus confirms that the discretionary character of welfare provision modulates the effect of remittances on turnout in sending municipalities, but only where party-based authoritarianism prevails.

Author Biography

Ana Isabel Lopez Garcia, El Colegio de la Frontera Norte

Ana Isabel Lopez Garcia is currently Assistant Professor at El Colegio de la Frontera Norte and a Visiting Research Fellow at the German Institute of Global and Area Studies. She holds a BA in International Relations from Mexico’s Autonomous Institute of Technology (ITAM), an MPhil in Latin American Studies from St. Antony’s College, University of Oxford (2009), and a DPhil in Politics (Comparative Government) from Nuffield College, Univeristy of Oxford (2014). 

Published

2016-10-31

How to Cite

Lopez Garcia, A. I. (2016). State Healthcare and the Impact of Remittances on Turnout in Mexico. Remittances Review, 1(1), 65-104. https://doi.org/10.33182/rr.v1i1.444

Issue

Section

Articles