Baser, Bahar, Mari Toivanen Postdoctoral Researcher, Swedish School of Social Science, University of Helsinki Mari Toivanen works as a Postdoctoral Researcher at the Swedish School of Social Science, University of Helsinki. She holds a PhD in Social Sciences from the University of Turku and is an affiliated member of the School for Advanced Studies in Social Sciences (EHESS) in Paris. Her research interests focus on diaspora, political mobilisation, second generation and identity. Bahar Baser Centre for Trust, Peace and Social Relations Coventry University, and Security Institute for Governance and Leadership in Africa (SIGLA), Stellenbosch University, South Africa, United Kingdom