Migration Letters https://journals.tplondon.com/ml <p><strong>Migration Letters</strong> is an international leading scholarly journal for researchers, students, scholars who investigate human migration as well as practitioners and quick dissemination of research in the field through its letter type format enabling concise sharing of short accounts of research, debates, case studies, book reviews and viewpoints in this multidisciplinary field of social sciences. Migration Letters is the first-ever letter-type journal in migration studies launched in 2004. It is following a strict double-blind peer review policy for research articles. <strong>Migration Letters</strong> is published bimonthly in January, March, May, July, September, and November.</p> <p>ISSN: 1741-8984 | e-ISSN: 1741-8992 | The abbreviated title of Migration Letters journal is: Migrat. Lett. | <strong>Migration Letters</strong> is abstracted and indexed widely including by SCOPUS and Web of Science.</p> Transnational Press London en-US Migration Letters 1741-8984 Editorial: Modeling Migration, Insecurity and COVID-19 https://journals.tplondon.com/ml/article/view/986 <p>In this editorial, I adapt a culture of migration approach to the study of migration and COVID-19. I argue that the coronavirus and COVID-19 undermine security and the efforts of movers to make informed decisions concerning their sojourns. The role of insecurity in decision-making, at points of origin and destination, and the ways that movers respond, are developed throughout the articles in this issue of Migration Letters, revealing a growing interest in understanding the complex forces surrounding human mobility.</p> Jeffrey H. Cohen Copyright (c) 2020 Migration Letters 2020-05-08 2020-05-08 17 3 405 409 10.33182/ml.v17i3.986 Ignorance in a Context of Tolerance: Misperceptions about Immigrants in Canada https://journals.tplondon.com/ml/article/view/816 <p>Misperceptions about immigrants are pervasive and have piqued the interest of social researchers given their links to greater intergroup hostility. However, this phenomenon is rarely considered in Canada, with its reputation as a particularly welcoming context. The current study simultaneously considers two such misperceptions: over-estimation of the immigrant population size and mischaracterizations of the typical immigrant’s legal status. This research examines their extent and correlates, as well as consequences for five anti-immigrant policies. Results indicate that legal status mischaracterizations, though rare, are more consequential than population over-estimates. Overall, misperceptions exist in Canada, but not all are equally consequential.</p> Daniel Herda Copyright (c) 2020 Migration Letters 2020-05-08 2020-05-08 17 3 411 424 10.33182/ml.v17i3.816 Coming of Age in the Border Regime: The End of Vulnerability? https://journals.tplondon.com/ml/article/view/764 <p>International and national legal frameworks clearly define who an ‘unaccompanied minor’ or ‘separated child’ is in the context of forced migration: a young person under eighteen years of age without the presence of a legal guardian. The category of the ‘unaccompanied minor’ is inextricably linked with vulnerability, suggesting that young refugees are not vulnerable once they are legally considered to be adults. My ethnographic fieldwork in Malta reveals, however, that young refugees do not find themselves in positions in which they are either vulnerable or non-vulnerable, but that both––being considered as a minor and being considered an adult––entail different forms of vulnerability. I thus argue that vulnerability is not merely “inscribed” or “embodied”, but that it is also the outcome of processes of vulnerabilization, whereby refugees are made vulnerable. These processes of vulnerabilization need to be understood as a result of individuals’ (non-)action.</p> Laura Otto Copyright (c) 2020 Migration Letters 2020-05-08 2020-05-08 17 3 425 432 10.33182/ml.v17i3.764 Reframing Xenophobia in South Africa as Colour-Blind: The Limits of the Afro Phobia Thesis https://journals.tplondon.com/ml/article/view/789 <p>Many scholars and South African politicians characterize the widespread anti-foreigner sentiment and violence in South Africa as dislike against migrants and refugees of <em>African origin</em> which they named ‘Afro-phobia’. Drawing on online newspaper reports and academic sources, this paper rejects the Afro-phobia thesis and argues that other non-African migrants such as Asians (Pakistanis, Indians, Bangladeshis and Chinese) are also on the receiving end of xenophobia in post-apartheid South Africa. I contend that any ‘outsider’ (White, Asian or Black African) who lives and trades in South African townships and informal settlements is scapegoated and attacked. I term this phenomenon ‘colour-blind xenophobia’. By proposing this analytical framework and integrating two theoretical perspectives — <em>proximity-based</em> ‘Realistic Conflict Theory (RCT)’ and Neocosmos’ exclusivist citizenship model — I contend that xenophobia in South Africa targets those who are in close proximity to disadvantaged Black South Africans and who are deemed outsiders (e.g., Asian, African even White residents and traders) and reject arguments that describe xenophobia in South Africa as targeting Black African refugees and migrants.</p> Amanuel Isak Tewolde Copyright (c) 2020 Migration Letters 2020-05-08 2020-05-08 17 3 433 444 10.33182/ml.v17i3.789 International Remittances and Private Healthcare in Kerala, India https://journals.tplondon.com/ml/article/view/778 <p>The inflow of international remittances to Kerala has been increasing over the last three decades. It has increased the income of recipient households and enabled them to spend more on human capital investment. Using data from the Kerala Migration Survey-2010, this study analyses the impact of remittance receipts on the households’ healthcare expenditure and access to private healthcare in Kerala. This study employs an instrumental variable approach to account for the endogeneity of remittances receipts. The empirical results show that remittance income has a positive and significant impact on households’ healthcare expenditure and access to private healthcare services. After disaggregating the sample into different heterogeneous groups, this study found that remittances have a greater effect on lower-income households and Other Backward Class (OBC) households but not Scheduled Caste (SC) and Scheduled Tribe (ST) households, which remain excluded from reaping the benefit of international migration and remittances.</p> Mohd Imran Khan Valatheeswaran C. Copyright (c) 2020 Migration Letters 2020-05-08 2020-05-08 17 3 445 460 10.33182/ml.v17i3.778 The Visibility of an Invisible Community’s Labour Exploitation in an Ethnic Economy: A Comparative Study on Kurdish Movers in the United Kingdom https://journals.tplondon.com/ml/article/view/844 <p>Kurdish movers from Turkey are usually considered as Turkish by researchers. Therefore, very little is known about the experiences of Kurdish movers in the labour market in the United Kingdom. Drawing on field research I conducted in 2014 and 2015 about the ethnic economy and labour market conditions of Kurdish, Turkish, and Turkish-Cypriot movers in London, this study contributes to the literature on migration through analyses of the labour exploitation of Kurds who moved to the UK from Turkey. It demonstrates that the reasons underlying the difference between Kurds and Turks and Turkish-Cypriots in terms of status and working conditions are complex. First of all, Kurdish movers in the UK are relative newcomers, have a limited grasp of English and share a strong sense of solidarity, and also a significant percentage of those Kurds left Turkey in order to escape discrimination and political violence, which makes the possibility of return “impossible”.</p> Mehmet Rauf Kesici Copyright (c) 2020 Migration Letters 2020-05-08 2020-05-08 17 3 461 470 10.33182/ml.v17i3.844 Front Matter https://journals.tplondon.com/ml/article/view/987 Migration Letters Copyright (c) 2020 Transnational Press London 2020-05-07 2020-05-07 17 3 Maurizio Ambrosini (2018). Irregular Immigration in Southern Europe: Actors, Dynamics and Governance https://journals.tplondon.com/ml/article/view/983 <p>Maurizio Ambrosini (2018). Irregular Immigration in Southern Europe: Actors, Dynamics and Governance, Palgrave Macmillan, (IX, 164 pp., ISBN: 978-3-319-70518-7).</p> Gül Oral Copyright (c) 2020 Migration Letters 2020-05-08 2020-05-08 17 3 471 472 10.33182/ml.v17i3.983 AKM Ahsan Ullah and Md. Shahidul Haque (2020). The Migration Myth in Policy and Practice: Dreams, Development and Despair https://journals.tplondon.com/ml/article/view/936 <p>AKM Ahsan Ullah and Md. Shahidul Haque (2020). <strong>The Migration Myth in Policy and Practice: Dreams, Development and Despair</strong>, Springer Nature: Singapore. (v + 221 pp. ISBN 978-981-15-1754-9)</p> Diotima Chattoraj Copyright (c) 2020 Migration Letters 2020-05-08 2020-05-08 17 3 473 475 10.33182/ml.v17i3.936