Migration Letters 2022-05-07T10:28:21+00:00 Migration Letters Open Journal Systems <p><strong>Migration Letters</strong> is an international leading scholarly journal for researchers, students, scholars who investigate human migration as well as practitioners and quick dissemination of research in the field through its letter type format enabling concise sharing of short accounts of research, debates, case studies, book reviews and viewpoints in this multidisciplinary field of social sciences. Migration Letters is the first-ever letter-type journal in migration studies launched in 2004. It is following a strict double-blind peer review policy for research articles. <strong>Migration Letters</strong> is published bimonthly in January, March, May, July, September, and November.</p> <p>ISSN: 1741-8984 | e-ISSN: 1741-8992 | The abbreviated title of Migration Letters journal is: Migrat. Lett. | <strong>Migration Letters</strong> is abstracted and indexed widely including by SCOPUS and Web of Science.</p> Front Matter 2022-05-07T10:28:21+00:00 Editors tplondon 2022-05-07T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Migration Letters The Role of Outgroup Network in the Choice of Migration Destination: Evidence from Turkey 2021-08-20T06:45:37+00:00 Filiz Kunuroglu Ali Sina Onder <p><em>We analyse the association between cultural contact and international migration decision drawing on the inter-group contact hypothesis. Using data on Turkish migrant stock in 22 countries and immigration from these countries to Turkey between 2000 and 2015, we find a strong association between the Turkish community's size and migration flow of host country nationals to Turkey. Our results are robust to country-specific and year-specific effects as well as to exclusion of different channels of cultural contact. Our research brings a new perspective to the importance of networks in migration destination as most research focuses on the presence of in-group national community in the target country. Our findings contribute to the improvement of extant theories of international migration providing insight in the role of cultural contact with the out-group in the choice of migration destination.</em></p> 2022-05-04T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Migration Letters The Effect of Time and Departure on Entry into Ghana for Citizens from Five ECOWAS Member States from 1997 to 2019 2021-12-16T20:34:55+00:00 Michael Dzordzormenyoh <p>Migration among West Africans has both historical and contemporary relevance. The implementation of the ECOWAS Free Movement Protocol was aimed at improving current mobility and migration trends in the sub-region. However, the majority of the existing literature on mobility, migration, and protocol evaluation focused on implementation and operationalization challenges. The current study assesses the effect of time and departure of citizens of member states such as Côte d’Ivoire, Nigeria, Burkina Faso, Liberia, and Togo, on entry into Ghana from 1997 to 2019, using regression analysis. Results from the regression analysis reveal that both time (measured in years) and departure influence the entry of citizens from ECOWAS member states into Ghana. Specifically, it was shown that time influenced the entry of citizens from Côte d’Ivoire, Nigerian, and Burkina Faso into Ghana. Additionally, departure influenced the entry of citizens from Liberia and Togo into Ghana. Overall, the present results suggest that the time and departure of citizens from ECOWAS member states influence entry and hence affect the successful implementation of the ECOWAS Free Movement Protocol and its success.</p> 2022-05-04T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Migration Letters An Empirical Analysis of Securitization Discourse in the European Union 2022-01-23T09:26:21+00:00 Atahan Demirkol <p><em>This study aims to analyse the empirical background of securitisation in the European Union (EU). Using panel data, this research covers the period between 2006 and 2018 and analyses 24 EU countries. Copenhagen School claims that securitisation is a speech act of powerful actors. In the case of the EU, politicians and media are the main actors in the securitisation of immigration. In this respect, immigration has been labelled by these actors as a potential threat to the welfare state, European identity, and internal security. Various literature discusses that the securitisation of immigration in the EU has accelerated especially after 9/11. Contrary to the existing literature, this study focuses on the EU to analyse whether the securitisation of immigration has an empirical base. This study’s key finding is that there is no solid empirical result to support the securitisation discourse in the EU to the extent that immigration strongly threatens national security.</em></p> 2022-05-04T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Migration Letters Migrants’ Population, Residential Segregation, and Metropolitan Spaces - Insights from the Italian Experience over the Last 20 Years 2022-01-30T11:46:27+00:00 Federico Benassi Massimiliano Crisci Stephen A. Matthews Stefania Maria Lorenza Rimoldi <p><em>Southern European studies of migrants’ spatial distribution within metropolitan cities (MCs) are increasingly relevant to understanding residential segregation and marginalisation, particularly of foreign nationals. This paper leverages original and partially unpublished data to examine overall and foreign national specific segregation over two decades in Rome MC and Milan MC, the two largest Italian MCs. We introduce a 5-class concentric ring typology to describe and uncover geographical patterns within the MCs and focus on the spatial and temporal distribution of four selected foreign nationalities: Romanian, Bangladeshi, Chinese, and Filipino. Results reveal heterogeneity in overall and foreign national specific distributions over time both within and between Rome MC and Milan MC. Comparing across groups and MCs we identify similarities but also unique patterns. These results shed light on the peculiarity of the urban demographic Italian landscape and raise questions regarding recent theories about residential segregation in the urban contexts of Southern Europe.</em></p> 2022-05-04T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Migration Letters Expression of Emotions in The Norwegian-American Immigrant Letters, 1838-1848 2021-01-27T19:09:22+00:00 Md. Matiul Hoque Masud Nils Olav Østrem <p><em>Emotions are integral to human mobility. However, research on the expression of emotions in the letters of early immigrants is often neglected. This study on emotional expressions in early Norwegian-American immigrant letters, exchanged between 1838 and 1848, is a case in point. This article explores the dynamics in emotional expressions in the early letters of Norwegian-American immigrants. It shows how immigrants expressed their emotions in the letters addressed to their family members, neighbours and friends. This article also investigates the presence of emotional calls in the immigrant letters, which successfully pulled more people from Norway to America. Unlike many other early immigrant groups, Norwegian immigrants in America were satisfied with their migration experience and expressed more positive emotions in their home-going letters than negative ones. Considering the lack of research on the emotional aspects of migration, this paper recommends conducting more studies on this area.</em></p> 2022-05-04T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Migration Letters Immigration Threat Amplifiers and Whites’ Immigration Attitudes in the Age of Trump 2022-02-04T09:17:17+00:00 Eileen Díaz McConnell Lisa M. Martinez <p>The US public’s immigration attitudes have become more favourable in recent years, yet the Trump administration (2017-2021) was the most restrictionist on immigration of any modern US presidency. What key sociopolitical factors were associated with holding more exclusionary immigration attitudes and policy preferences among US whites, the ethnoracial group most likely to support Trump, at the beginning of his administration? Analyses of two waves of nationally representative US panel survey data for whites demonstrate that voting for Trump, consuming conservative news, being evangelical, and having a stronger white racial identity were linked with more exclusionary abstract immigration attitudes and/or support for one more Trump-era policies: the US-Mexico wall, the Travel Ban targeting majority-Muslim countries, and deportations of unauthorised immigrants. Together, our results emphasise the value of attending to multiple aspects of the national sociopolitical context, considering diverse potential sources that amplify immigration threat, and jointly examining abstract immigration attitudes and specific policy preferences of varying salience.</p> 2022-05-04T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Migration Letters Migration Experiences of the Highly Skilled and Stay-at-Home Turkish Mothers in the UK 2021-12-30T10:38:51+00:00 Arzu Kırcal Şahin <p><em>This research aimed to explore the experiences of highly educated mothers who have left their jobs and immigrated to the UK because of their spouse’s job. The study investigated the barriers that these Turkish women may face in the UK within the scope of gender roles. In-depth interviews were held with 20 Turkish participants who met the research criteria. This research reveals that those highly educated Turkish women with advanced career success who took part in this research have not managed to break the cycle of traditional gender roles. It also shows that these women have taken care of their children and have established a harmonious family environment to assist their husbands’ careers. This study contributes to existing knowledge reported in previous studies. It extends our understanding that moving to the UK with their spouse has inevitably declined the participants’ career success and financial and social status.</em></p> 2022-05-04T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Migration Letters Transformative Agency in Workers’ Account: Tensions in Professional Development 2021-06-13T15:49:00+00:00 Maria Antonietta Impedovo <p><em>The concept of agency expresses one’s will in actions that alter reality. In the work market's current social and cultural conditions, individuals are pushed to continuous change to transform their professional and personal lives. The interests and socio-material constraints help understand the personal and professional path shape. In this paper, we will focus on how a group of workers expressed transformative agency in their narrative accounts, how it evolves and the influence of the interests and socio-material constraints on the expression of agency. To pursue this objective, we interviewed twelve workers that moved from Italy to France. From the transcription and the analysis, we have identified four dimensions in their account to make sense of their career path: conflicts of motives to act; wandering actions in global cultural (dis)fluency; activation of resources toward an (in)definite interest; sensorial and material mobility. </em></p> 2022-05-04T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Migration Letters Youth and Migration Aspiration in Kerala 2022-01-10T11:19:24+00:00 Sulaiman KM Bhagat R B <p><em>The emergence of oil production in Gulf countries and the subsequent oil boom in the 1970s led to massive migration from Kerala to Middle East Gulf countries as part of the post-industrial migratory order. The Gulf countries and their opportunities became an integral part of Kerala's youth life while developing future goals and aspirations. This paper provides insight into the migration aspiration of the youth from Kerala and their awareness of migration. A questionnaire survey was conducted in the second half of 2019 in Calicut, Kerala. The sample consisted of 491 students. Most youths are aware of gulf migration through their family, friends and media. Two out of three youths aspire to migrate abroad in future for a job and related activities. Surprisingly, in Kerala, youth with migrant fathers don't aspire to migrate than youth with non-migrant fathers. While having a migrant friend shows a higher likelihood of aspiration to migrate among youth. In the case of Kerala, in the coming 10 to 20 years, migration will continue as a potential life choice for achieving life goals for youth in Kerala. Policies should promote awareness about migration and facilitate a secure and safe migration for youths.</em></p> 2022-05-04T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Migration Letters