Role of economic reforms on dismantling barriers to inter-state migration in India

Authors

  • Sunetra Ghatak Research Fellow, National Institute of Public Finance and Policy (NIPFP), New Delhi, India https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9320-0498
  • Debajit Jha Assistant Professor, Jindal School of Government and Public Policy, O. P. Jindal Global University, Sonipat, Haryana

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33182/ml.v18i3.1116

Keywords:

migration, inter-state mobility, state border, economic reforms, economic growth

Abstract

Traditionally inter-state migration in India was limited compared to within state migration. Economic reforms in the early 1990s have boosted inter-state migration in the country. Hence, it is important to understand the impact of economic reforms on the determinants of inter-state migration. Recent studies have identified that state border; linguistic divide and per capita income play an important role in determining the location of inter-state migration in India. In this paper, we tried to understand the impact of economic reforms on the choice of the location of inter-state migration in the country by using a gravity model framework. We found that while the impact of per capita income difference has increased in the post-reform period, the impact of the common-border has declined. Moreover, the impact of the linguistic divide has initially increased after reforms.

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Author Biography

Debajit Jha, Assistant Professor, Jindal School of Government and Public Policy, O. P. Jindal Global University, Sonipat, Haryana

Prof. (Dr.) Jha is an Assistant Professor at Jindal School of Government & Public Policy. Before joining this university, he taught economics at different Government colleges in West Bengal for more than six years under West Bengal Education Service. During this period, he also served as Assistant Director of Public Instruction to the Govt. of West Bengal. His primary research interest is labour migration and policy, empirical growth economics – convergence club, polarization, structural change, dynamics of regional income, growth episodes, impact of historical institutions on present outcomes etc.

Published

2021-05-16

How to Cite

Ghatak, S., & Jha, D. (2021). Role of economic reforms on dismantling barriers to inter-state migration in India . Migration Letters, 18(3), 297–304. https://doi.org/10.33182/ml.v18i3.1116

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Section

Articles