The COVID-19, Migration and Livelihood in India: Challenges and Policy Issues

Challenges and Policy Issues

Authors

  • Ram B Bhagat International Institute for Population Sciences
  • Reshmi R.S. International Institute for Population Sciences, Mumbai
  • Sahoo, Harihar International Institute for Population Sciences, Mumbai.
  • Archana K. Roy International Institute for Population Sciences, Mumbai.
  • Dipti Govil International Institute for Population Sciences, Mumbai

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33182/ml.v17i5.1048

Keywords:

Covid 19, Migration, Livelihood, Challenges, India

Abstract

The worldwide spread of COVID-19 first reported from Wuhan in China is attributed to migration and mobility of people. In this article, we present how our understanding of migration and livelihood could be helpful in designing a mitigating strategy of the economic and social impact of COVID-19 in India. We conclude that there are many challenges migrants face during the spread of COVID-19 resulting from nation-wide lockdown. Many internal migrants faced problems such as lack of food, basic amenities, lack of health care, economic stress, lack of transportation facilities to return to their native places and lack of psychological support. On the other hand, COVID-19 has also brought into sharp focus the emigrants from India and the major migration corridors India shares with the world as well. There is huge uncertainty about how long this crisis will last. This article further provides some immediate measures and long term strategies to be adopted by the government such as improving public distribution system, strengthening the public health system, integration of migrants with development, decentralisation as a strategy to provide health services, and providing support to return migrants to reintegrate them, and also strengthen the database on migration and migrant households.

Author Biographies

Reshmi R.S., International Institute for Population Sciences, Mumbai

Assistant Professor, Department of Migration and Urban Studies, International Institute for Population Sciences, Mumbai.

Sahoo, Harihar, International Institute for Population Sciences, Mumbai.

Assistant Professor, Department of Development Studies, International Institute for Population Sciences, Mumbai.

Archana K. Roy, International Institute for Population Sciences, Mumbai.

Professor, Department of Migration and Urban Studies, International Institute for Population Sciences, Mumbai. E. Mail: royarchana@iips.net

Dipti Govil, International Institute for Population Sciences, Mumbai

Assistant Professor, Department of Population Policies and Programmes, International Institute for Population Sciences, Mumbai. E. Mail: dgovil@iips.net

Published

2020-09-28

How to Cite

Bhagat, R. B., R.S., R., Sahoo, H., Roy, A. K., & Govil, D. (2020). The COVID-19, Migration and Livelihood in India: Challenges and Policy Issues: Challenges and Policy Issues. Migration Letters, 17(5), 705-718. https://doi.org/10.33182/ml.v17i5.1048

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