Journal of Gypsy Studies <p><a title="Journal of Gypsy Studies" href=""><em><img style="padding: 0 15px; float: left;" src="" alt="Journal of Gypsy Studies" height="200" /></em></a><strong>Journal of Gypsy Studies </strong>is an international, interdisciplinary and peer-reviewed journal dedicated to publishing high quality research and scholarship. <strong>Journal of Gypsy Studies</strong> (JGS) was launched in 2016 and, from 2017 onwards, published once a year in December by Transnational Press London. <strong>Journal of Gypsy Studies</strong> is an international, interdisciplinary peer-reviewed journal publishing research and scholarship in all areas of Gypsy/Romani studies. <strong>Journal of Gypsy Studies</strong> invites articles on the cultures, demography, economy, politics, health and identities of all groups traditionally known as and associated with Gypsies, Travellers and peripatetic groups. Although these groups are often referred to as Gypsy, Roma, Traveller etc., the journal is titled with the most widely used name.</p> <p>ISSN: 2515-3064 (Print) e-ISSN 2515 - 3072 (Online) </p> en-US <p><strong>Terms and conditions associated with Transnational Press London Journals Transfer of Copyright Agreement</strong></p><p>Copyright to the unpublished and original article submitted by the author(s), the abstract forming part thereof, and any subsequent errata (collectively, the “Article”) is hereby transferred to the Transnational Press London (TPL) for the full term thereof throughout the world, subject to the Author Rights (as hereinafter defined) and to acceptance of the Article for publication in a journal of TPL. This transfer of copyright includes all material to be published as part of the Article (in any medium), including but not limited to tables, figures, graphs, movies, other multimedia files, and all supplemental materials. 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The submitting author(s) also represent and warrant that they have the full power to enter into this Agreement and to make the grants contained herein.</p> (J Gypsy Studies) (JGS Admin) Thu, 23 Jan 2020 21:20:49 +0000 OJS 60 From Negative Visibility to Positive Invisibility – Who Needs to Use Gypsies [Roma] as the Anti-citizens of Civilized Europe? <p>Since the 15th century, Gypsies in Occidental Europe have been subjected to special legislation and social action determined to cause one of two types of cultural identity extinction – extermination or complete assimilation. Five centuries later, the result has been an exceptional cultural persistence associated to social marginalisation and, in Portugal, a mixture of positive invisibility (unlike the Spanish situation, Portuguese Gypsies are not recognised as having made any positive form of cultural contribution) and of excessive exposure, in terms of a negative visibility constructed by public opinion and the media. This negative visibility of Portuguese Gypsies is worsened by the systematic silence and a certain connivance on the part of the authorities (Parliament, Government, Catholic Church, Courts, municipal authorities, etc.), with rare and personal, non-institutional exceptions, occurring in moments of excessive persecution. In this paper, we will explore the identity economy of social persecution against ethnic minorities that are not recognised as such in the Law, and are used in daily life as the negative image of the hegemonic ‘imagined society’.</p> José Gabriel Pereira Bastos Copyright (c) 2020 JOURNAL OF GYPSY STUDIES Thu, 23 Jan 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Early Marriage and Education Drop Out in Traditional Roma Communities in Transylvania This research attempts to analyze the phenomenon of early marriage in traditional Roma communities in Transylvania, Central Romania, and its impact on the education of Roma children. The methodology of this paper is a reflection of a field work conducted in the region of Transylvania, Romania and mainly the city of Târgu Mureş (Τírgu Mureş) the period February-July 2012, following several meetings and interviews with policy makers, representatives from local authorities, civil society, academics, political parties and representatives of traditional Roma communities and local schools. The organization that hosted me and facilitated me in my fieldwork is the NGO Liga Proeuropa and its President Smaranda Enache and her team. This work is a result of my personal interaction with some of the local communities in the region (Tírgu Mureş, Sighişoara, Alba Iulia, Brasov, Sibiu) as well as the capital Bucharest which I had the opportunity to visit at that period of time. The project was funded by a small European grant (Leonardo da Vinci). The town of Tirgu Mureş is where I was based, since the largest number of traditional Gabor Roma who still apply early marriages can be found there. Christina Velentza Copyright (c) 2020 JOURNAL OF GYPSY STUDIES Thu, 23 Jan 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Gypsies, Coloniality and the Affirmation of Human Rights in Brazil In Brazil, different ethnic and social minorities (Quilombolas, Indigenous peoples, people with disabilities, the elderly) have expressly got recognition in the Federal Constitution of 1988 and other normative instruments as subjects of human rights. This scientific article deals with one such minority: the Gypsies. This article adopts the following problem of research: what is the relationship between colonial policies that aimed at the management of the Gypsy and the construction of the political-legal status of these peoples in Brazil? This research has made use of the following methodological resources: the participant observation of the authors in view of the legislative process of Bill 248/2015; the documentary research on the records of colonial and post-colonial laws that had directed to the management of Gypsies in Brazil; as well as the literature review, which intertwines the studies on the Gypsy question with decolonial theory. Phillipe Cupertino Salloum e Silva Copyright (c) 2020 JOURNAL OF GYPSY STUDIES Mon, 13 Apr 2020 00:00:00 +0000