Early Marriage and Education Drop Out in Traditional Roma Communities in Transylvania

Authors

  • Christina Velentza Athens Bar Association and Koc University

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33182/jgs.v2i1.614

Keywords:

migration, integration, ECEC, pre-school, childcare

Abstract

This research attempts to analyze the phenomenon of early marriage in traditional Roma communities in Transylvania, Central Romania, and its impact on the education of Roma children. The methodology of this paper is a reflection of a field work conducted in the region of Transylvania, Romania and mainly the city of Târgu Mureş (Τírgu Mureş) the period February-July 2012, following several meetings and interviews with policy makers, representatives from local authorities, civil society, academics, political parties and representatives of traditional Roma communities and local schools. The organization that hosted me and facilitated me in my fieldwork is the NGO Liga Proeuropa and its President Smaranda Enache and her team. This work is a result of my personal interaction with some of the local communities in the region (Tírgu Mureş, Sighişoara, Alba Iulia, Brasov, Sibiu) as well as the capital Bucharest which I had the opportunity to visit at that period of time. The project was funded by a small European grant (Leonardo da Vinci). The town of Tirgu Mureş is where I was based, since the largest number of traditional Gabor Roma who still apply early marriages can be found there.

References

Amalipe Center for Interethnic Dialogue and Tolerance (2011). Preventing early marriages, Veliko Tarnavo. [http://amalipe.com/files/publications/ranni% 20brakove%20last.pdf]

Amalipe Center for Interethnic Dialogue and Tolerance (2011). Women Destinies several usual stories of unusual Romani women, their battles, and victories, tears and joys, published with the financial support of Daphne III Programme funded by the European Commission, Veliko Tarnavo. [http://amalipe.com/files/ publications/ jensky_sydbi_eng_1.pdf]

Barbu Daniel (2011). Roma and the Public Discourse in Romania best practise guidelines lines (Romii în discursul public românesc Îndrumar de bune practici), Romani Criss Roma Center for Social Intervention and Studies, Bucharest.

European Roma Rights Centre (ERRC) (2011). Breaking the silence A Report by the European Roma Rights Centre and People in need - Trafficking in Romani communities, Budapest, March 2011. http://www.errc.org/

Gergely Dezideriu (2002). Good practices: Compilation of court cases of discrimination against Roma in access to public places, A comparative study on national and international court cases of discrimination, legislation and specialized bodies in combating discrimination, Romani Criss Roma Center for Social Intervention and studies with the support of the OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR), Editura ECA, Cluj, April 2002.

Harda, Stefen Iulian and Macovei, Razvan Ionut (2007). Public policies for Roma in Romania (Politici publice pentru Romi în România) 2000-2005 - Legislative framework, institutions, programmes, achievements and expectations, work coordinated by the President of the National Agency for Roma, Mr. Ilie Dinca and published with the financial contribution of the European Commission through the Communitary Action Program for Combating Discrimination (2001-2006), Bucharest.

Kacsó, Judit-Andrea, ed. (2007). Diversity and Social Cohesion Equal Participation of Minorities in Europe: The Role of Intercultural Education, Project Partner’s Meeting Report in Bucharest 15-18 February, Tárgu- Mureş.

Magyari-Vincze, Enikö (2006). Social exclusion at the crossroads of gender, ethnicity and class A view through Romani Women’s reproductive health (Excludera socială la intersectia dintre gen, etnicitate şi clasă O privire din perspectiva sănătăţii reproducerii la femeile Rome) Research paper with policy recommendations, Editura Fundaţiei pentru Studii Europene, Cluj.

Magyari-Vincze Enikö, Wamsiedel, Marius and Ionescu, Iustina (2012). Roma health perspective of the actors involved in the health system-doctors, health mediators and patients, published with the support of Romani Crisis-Roma Center for social intervention and studies, Bucharest.

Magyari-Vincze, Enikö (2003). Talking feminist institutions interviews with leading european scholars, Editura Fundaţiei Desire, Cluj. [http://www.ccrit.ro/Pdf/ StudentReviews /PetrutaMindrutReviews/MAGYARI_VINCZE_Eniko.pdf]

Morteanu, Madalin Matache, Margareta Mandanche, Marian, and Mihalache, Cristi (2007). Legal protection against discrimination and public policies towards Roma, Romani Criss Roma Center for Social Intervention and Studies, Bucharest.

Ovidiu Pecican Colecţia proiecte pentru Romi (2011). Studii despre Romi Egalitate prin Diferenţă albumul proiectului, Editura Fundaţiei Desire, Cluj.

Proeuropa Ligue, Human Rights Office (2011). Early/forced marriages in Romania, Country Report and Case Study on Racial Discrimination in Mureş county, Tárgu-Mureş. [http://www.proeuropa.ro/full.html]

Romani Criss Roma Center for Social Intervention and Studies (2004). Annual report 2003 Respecting human rights in Romania: Roma citizens of the state of law, Bucharest.

Romani Criss Roma Center for Social Intervention and Studies (2010). The Implementation of human rights from discrimination against Roma to law enforcement abuses, Report on actions of monitoring, promotion procedurs and defence of human rights in Romania, Bucharest.

Surdu, Laura Vincze, Enikö and Wamsiedel Marius (2011). Roma school participation, Non-attendance and Discrimination in Romania with the support of UNICEF, Bucharest.

Published

2020-01-23

How to Cite

Velentza, C. (2020). Early Marriage and Education Drop Out in Traditional Roma Communities in Transylvania. Journal of Gypsy Studies, 2(1), 39-54. https://doi.org/10.33182/jgs.v2i1.614

Issue

Section

Articles