Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Food Consumption Habits and Food Security Challenges among Immigrants

Andrej Přívara

Abstract

There is no single behaviour path for migrants after arrival in the destination country. The cases of their successful integration in the host country social environment are not rare, and healthy immigrant effect, indeed, often occurs showing that not always shift to the new living conditions, culture and food traditions preclude healthy food habits of the migrants. However, there are still many factors, both individual and social environment-related, which increase overweight and obesity risk. Quantitative and qualitative research findings have shown that food insecurity can be simultaneously a cause and a consequence of migration. Including religious identities, food has largely become a distinctive factor of the identities of individuals and communities. The distribution of eating habits from migrant source countries, in particular, from Africa to the host European countries is dramatically changing the European cultural dimension. Food has appeared to be one of the main factors of migrants’ integration in European countries. Food insecurity is a critical push factor. Current research emphasised that integration programmes should rely not only on basic language and cultural aspects but also on food, improving the contribution of the food traditions of migrants, while also inspiring in this field interactions and contributions via this medium among long-standing and newly-forming societies. This article focuses on key food challenges, which migrants face in destination countries and factors as causes of these challenges. We also discuss barriers to migration policy change and provide possible ways to mitigate these barriers.

Keywords

immigrant consumers; cosmopolitans; cultural distance

Full Text:

PDF

References

AMES, D. (2015). Small towns. Big returns. Economic and social impact of the Karen resettlement in Nhill. Retrieved from AMES, Deloitte website: https://www2.deloitte.com/content/dam/Deloitte/au/Documents/Economics/deloitte-au-economics-small-towns-big-returns-nhill-resettlement-270415.pdf

Bansal, D., Satija, A., Khandpur, N., Bowen, L., Kinra, S., Prabhakaran, D. & Ebrahim, S. (2010). Effects of migration on food consumption patterns in a sample of Indian factory workers and their families. Public Health Nutrition, 13(12), 1982–1989. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980010001254

Beall, E. & Puertas, E. E. (2017). Strengthening Sector Policies for Better Food Security and Nutrition Results. Retrieved from Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations website: http://www.fao.org/3/a-i8166e.pdf

Bucevska, V. (2011). The Role of Remittances in Financial Crisis: Empirical Evidence from Macedonia. Economic Research-Ekonomska Istraživanja, 24(4), 75–90. https://doi.org/10.1080/1331677X.2011.11517482

Carrillo-Larco, R. M., Bernabé-Ortiz, A., Pillay, T. D., Gilman, R. H., Sanchez, J. F., Poterico, J. A. & Miranda, J. J. (2016). Obesity risk in rural, urban and rural-to-urban migrants: prospective results of the PERU MIGRANT study. International Journal of Obesity, 40(1), 181–185. https://doi.org/10.1038/ijo.2015.140

Casali, M. E., Borsari, L. & Marchesi, I. (2015). Lifestyle and food habits changes after migration: a focus on immigrant women in Modena (Italy). Annali di Igiene Medicina Preventiva e di Comunita’, (5), 748–759. https://doi.org/10.7416/ai.2015.2067

Costa, L., Dias, S. & Martins, M. (2018). Fruit and Vegetable Consumption among Immigrants in Portugal: A Nationwide Cross-Sectional Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 15(10), 2299. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15102299

Danaj, A., Lazányi, K. &Bilan, Y. (2018). Perceptions and Implications of Immigration in France – Economic, Social, Political and Cultural Perspectives. Economics & Sociology, 11(3), 226–247. https://doi.org/10.14254/2071-789X.2018/11-3/14

Davidavičienė, V. & Lolat, I. (2016). MIGRANT ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN EUROPE: CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES. 9th International Scientific Conference “Business and Management 2016.” Presented at the Business and Management 2016, Vilnius Gediminas Technical University, Lithuania. https://doi.org/10.3846/bm.2016.72

De La Peña Esteban, J. I. & Peña-Miguel, N. (2018). Rethinking social welfare in Spain: a basic pension for everyone. Economic Research-Ekonomska Istraživanja, 31(1), 1737–1757. https://doi.org/10.1080/1331677X.2018.1480402

de Lima, P., Bernabè, S., Bubbico, R. L., Leonardo, S. & Weiss, C. (2016). Migration and the EU: Challenges, opportunities, the role of EIB. Retrieved from European Investment Bank website: https://www.eib.org/attachments/migration_and_the_eu_en.pdf

Deskar-Škrbić, M., Drezgić, S. & Šimović, H. (2018). Tax policy and labour market in Croatia: effects of tax wedge on employment. Economic Research-Ekonomska Istraživanja, 31(1), 1218–1227. https://doi.org/10.1080/1331677X.2018.1456359

European Parliament. (2015). Economic challenges and prospects of the refugee influx [BRIEFING PAPER]. Retrieved from http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/etudes/BRIE/2015/572809/EPRS_BRI(2015)572809_EN.pdf

Eurostat. (2018). Old-age-dependency ratio. Retrieved from Eurostat website: https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/tgm/table.do?tab=table&init=1&language=en&pcode=tps00198&plugin=1

Galbete, C., Nicolaou, M., Meeks, K. A., de-Graft Aikins, A., Addo, J., Amoah, S. K. & Danquah, I. (2017). Food consumption, nutrient intake, and dietary patterns in Ghanaian migrants in Europe and their compatriots in Ghana. Food & Nutrition Research, 61(1), 1341809. https://doi.org/10.1080/16546628.2017.1341809

Guzi, M., Kahanec, M. & Kureková, L. M. (2015). What Explains Immigrant-Native Gaps in European Labor Markets: The Role of Institutions (IZA Discussion Papers No. 8847). Retrieved from Institute of Labor Economics website: https://www.econstor.eu/bitstream/10419/108729/1/dp8847.pdf

Hauck, K., Hollingsworth, B. & Morgan, L. (2011). BMI differences in 1st and 2nd generation immigrants of Asian and European origin to Australia. Health & Place, 17(1), 78–85. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.healthplace.2010.08.016

Hudcovský, M., Lábaj, M. & Morvay, K. (2017). Employment Growth and Labour Elasticity in V4 Countries: Structural Decomposition Analysis. Prague Economic Papers, 26(4), 422–437. https://doi.org/10.18267/j.pep.623

Ichou, M. & Wallace, M. (2019). The Healthy Immigrant Effect: The role of educational selectivity in the good health of migrants. Demographic Research, 40, 61–94. https://doi.org/10.4054/DemRes.2019.40.4

IOM. (2014). Addressing the Risks and Needs of Vulnerable Migrants in the Greater Mekong Subregion and Malaysia. Retrieved from https://www.iom.int/sites/default/files/country/docs/cambodia/IOM-Cambodia-Addressing-Risks-and-Needs-of-Vulnerable-Migrants.pdf

Kennedy, S., Kidd, M. P., McDonald, J. T. & Biddle, N. (2015). The Healthy Immigrant Effect: Patterns and Evidence from Four Countries. Journal of International Migration and Integration, 16(2), 317–332. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12134-014-0340-x

Klamár, R. & Gavaľová, A. (2018). Regional application of the Gross National Happiness Index in the context of the quality of life in Slovakia. Geografický Časopis - Geographical Journal, 70(4). https://doi.org/10.31577/geogrcas.2018.70.4.17

Kleiser, C., Mensink, G. B., Neuhauser, H., Schenk, L. & Kurth, B.-M. (2010). Food intake of young people with a migration background living in Germany. Public Health Nutrition, 13(03), 324. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980009991030

Kancs, A. & Lecca, P., (2017). Long-term social, economic and fiscal effects of immigration into the EU: the role of the integration policy. JRC Working Papers in Economics and Finance 2017(4), Retrieved from http://publications.europa.eu/publication/manifestation_identifier/PUB_KJAE17004ENN

Markides, K. S. & Rote, S. (2019). The Healthy Immigrant Effect and Aging in the United States and Other Western Countries. The Gerontologist, 59(2), 205–214. https://doi.org/10.1093/geront/gny136

Morkūnas, M., Volkov, A., Bilan, Y. & Raisiene, A. G. (2018). The role of government in forming agricultural policy: Economic resilience measuring index exploited. Administratie Si Management Public, (31), 111–131. https://doi.org/10.24818/amp/2018.31-08

Mui, P., Hill, S. E. & Thorpe, R. J. (2018). Overweight and Obesity Differences Across Ethnically Diverse Subgroups of Asian American Men. American Journal of Men’s Health, 12(6), 1958–1965. https://doi.org/10.1177/1557988318793259

Murphy, M., Robertson, W. & Oyebode, O. (2017). Obesity in International Migrant Populations. Current Obesity Reports, 6(3), 314–323. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13679-017-0274-7

Nguyen, M. C. & Winters, P. (2011). The impact of migration on food consumption patterns: The case of Vietnam. Food Policy, 36(1), 71–87. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodpol.2010.11.001

Popovic-Lipovac, A. & Strasser, B. (2015). A Review on Changes in Food Habits Among Immigrant Women and Implications for Health. Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health, 17(2), 582–590. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10903-013-9877-6

Rabikowska, M. (2010). Negotiation of normality and identity among migrants from Eastern Europe to the United Kingdom after 2004. Social Identities, 16(3), 285-296, DOI: 10.1080/13504630.2010.482391

Rehák, Š. & Dudová, I. (2018). Kto ostáva a kto odchádza? Migračné rozhodovanie absolventov Žilinskej univerzity v Žiline. Geografický Časopis - Geographical Journal, 70(1). https://doi.org/10.31577/geogrcas.2018.70.1.03

Samouda, H., Ruiz-Castell, M., Bocquet, V., Kuemmerle, A., Chioti, A., Dadoun, F. & Stranges, S. (2018). Geographical variation of overweight, obesity and related risk factors: Findings from the European Health Examination Survey in Luxembourg, 2013-2015. PLOS ONE, 13(6), e0197021. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0197021

Škuflić, L. & Vučković, V. (2018). The effect of emigration on unemployment rates: the case of EU emigrant countries. Economic Research-Ekonomska Istraživanja, 31(1), 1826–1836. https://doi.org/10.1080/1331677X.2018.1516154

Strielkowski, W., Rausser, G., Bilan, Y. & Tsevukh, Y. (2018). Migrant remittances and their impact on the economic development of the Baltic States. Geographica Pannonica, 22. https://doi.org/10.5937/22-16988

UNHCR & IOM. (2016). Workshop on Refugee Protection and Mixed Migration [Workshop Report]. Retrieved from https://www.refworld.org/pdfid/5804d47c4.pdf

Wang, D. (2019). International labour movement, public intermediate input and wage inequality: a dynamic approach. Economic Research-Ekonomska Istraživanja, 32(1), 1–16. https://doi.org/10.1080/1331677X.2018.1546123

WEF. (2017). Migration and Its Impact on Cities. Retrieved from WEF website: http://www3.weforum.org/docs/Migration_Impact_Cities_report_2017_low.pdf

Wolff, V. & Opoku-Owusu, S. (2017). Diaspora Engagement on Country Entrepreneurship and Investment. Retrieved from International Centre for Migration Policy development website: http://migration4development.org/sites/default/files/en_final_background_paper.pdf

World Food Programme. (2017). At the root of exodus: food security, conflict and international migration [World Food Programme]. Retrieved from Vulnerability Analysis and Mapping Unit website: https://docs.wfp.org/api/documents/WFP-0000015358/download/

World Health Organization. (2018). Health of refugees and migrants: regional situation analysis, practices, experiences, lessons learned and ways forward [World Health Organization]. Retrieved from https://www.who.int/migrants/publications/EURO-report.pdf

Zezza, A., Carletto, C., Davis, B. & Winters, P. (2011). Assessing the impact of migration on food and nutrition security. Food Policy, 36(1), 1–6. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodpol.2010.11.005

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.