Beyond Emigrant Voting: Consultation as a Mechanism of Political Incorporation from Abroad OR not all Emigrant Consultative Bodies are Born the Same
Keywords:return migration, integration, labour market, employment
AbstractThe scholarship on political transnationalism aims to understand how and why emigrants keep relevant political ties with their state of origin as well as cultivate new ones with their country of residence. Through the multiple formal shapes that such political ties can adopt, much has been written on the electoral channel, neglecting other important formal mechanisms of political participation from abroad. In this short paper we contribute to the study of one such mechanism: consultative bodies of emigrant affairs. Looking at an entire world region -Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC)- we compare the creation of such consultative bodies to the adoption of electoral rights and account for the main characteristics of consultative bodies, creating a typology of them along on two dimensions: independence from governmental authorities and degree of entitlement in the policy-making process. This work aims to set the ground for and encourage further comparative large-N and in-depth case studies that will contribute to better understand the possibilities that emigrant consultative bodies open for emigrant participation.
Andersen, U. (1990). Consultative Institutions for Migrant Workers. In The Political Rights of Migrant Workers in Western Europe.
Bauböck, R. (2006). Stakeholder Citizenship and Transnational Political Participation: A Normative Evaluation of External Voting. Fordham Law Review, 75, 2393.
Bauböck, R. (2015). Morphing the Demos into the right shape. Normative principles for enfranchising resident aliens and expatriate citizens. Democratization, 22(5), 820-839. https://doi.org/10.1080/13510347.2014.988146
Bermúdez, A., Escriva, A., & Moraes, N. (2014). Opportunities and costs of the political transnational field in the context of Colombian, Peruvian and Uruguayan migration to Spain. Revista Via Iuris, (16), 141-157.
Escrivà, Á., Bermúdez, A., & Moraes, N. (2009). Migración y participación política: Estados, organizaciones y migrantes latinoamericanos en perspectiva local-transnacional. Madrid: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas.
Gamlen, A. (2008). The emigration state and the modern geopolitical imagination. Political Geography, 27(8), 840-856. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.polgeo.2008.10.004
Gsir, S., & Martiniello, M. (2004). Local Consultative Bodies for Foreign Residents: A Handbook. Council of Europe.
Itzigsohn, J., & Villacrés, D. (2008). Migrant political transnationalism and the practice of democracy: Dominican external voting rights and Salvadoran home town associations. Ethnic and Racial Studies, 31(4), 664-686. https://doi.org/10.1080/01419870701784497
Ostergaard-Nielsen, E. (2003). International migration and sending countries: Perceptions, policies, and transnational relations. Palgrave: Macmillan.