Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Unbearable Lightness of Undefined Diaspora: The Meaning of Turkish Descendants

Fırat Yaldız

Abstract

The concept of Turkish diaspora, which is frequently being used in political, bureaucratic and academic life in Turkey, is getting more attention in its foreign policy. However, despite the growing interest in this issue, the debate about what Turkish diaspora means is still unresolved and in particular, who are its subjects remains unclear. Such an ambiguous use of the term Turkish diaspora manifests itself most clearly in the concept of fellow descendants. Fellow descendants, an important and problematic subject of the Turkish diaspora, goes beyond the concept of “Turk” outlined in the Constitution of Turkey, for it has been included in a legal and political framework based on ethnicity. As in the case of fellow descendant, of utmost importance is academic research on social structures that can be considered as the subject of Turkish diaspora.

Keywords

Turkish foreign policy, diaspora, Turkish diaspora, descendant

Full Text:

PDF

References

Acceptance and Settlement of Meskhetian Turks in Turkey. (1992, 11 July) Official Gazette (Law No: 3835). Accessed: http://www.mevzuat.gov.tr/MevzuatMetin/1.5.3835.pdf.

Adamson, F. B. (2019). "Sending States and the Making of Intra-Diasporic Politics: Turkey and Its Diaspora(s)", International Migration Review, 53(1): 210-236.

https://doi.org/10.1177/0197918318767665

Aksel D. B. (2014). "Kins, Distant Workers, Diasporas: Constructing Turkey's Transnational Members Abroad", Turkish Studies, 15 (2): 195-219.

https://doi.org/10.1080/14683849.2014.926233

Amending the Regulation Regarding Rules and Procedures on Hunter Training and Issuance of Hunting License. (2014). Official Gazette (Law No: 28942). http://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/eskiler/2014/03/20140315-10.htm (Accessed on 6 August 2019)

"Bahçeli'den Erdoğan'a Sert Sözler" (2013). http://www.hurriyet.com.tr/bahceliden-erdogana-sert-sozler-23724277 (Accessed on 6 August 2019).

"Başbakan Yardımıcı Akdoğan'ın Kabulü" (2016). https://www.trthaber.com/haber/gundem/basbakan-yardimcisi-akdoganin-kabulu-231005.html (Accessed on 6 August 2019)

Cabinet Decree No. 2016/9642. (2016). http://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/eskiler/2016/12/20161227-1.pdf (Accessed on 6 August 2019)

"CHP Parti Programı" (2015). https://chp.azureedge.net/1d48b01630ef43d9b2edf45d55842cae.pdf (Accessed on 6 August 2019)

Cin, M. (2005). "Türk Soylu Yabancıların Türkiye'de Çalışma Özgürlüğü", Mevzuat Dergisi, 8(88): 1-14.

"Çelik'ten Bahçeli'ye sert yanıt" (2013). http://www.hurriyet.com.tr/celikten-bahceliye-sert-yanit-23725101 (Accessed on 6 August 2019).

"Demirtaş: Bayrak ve heykel yakanları kınıyorum" (2014). http://www.hurriyet.com.tr/demirtas-bayrak-ve-heykel-yakanlari-kiniyorum-27345547 (Accessed on 6 August 2019).

Davutoğlu, A. (12 May 2012). Conference at the YTB.

"Davutoğlu: Dış Türkler ve dış Kürtler himayemiz altında" (2016). http://www.ensonhaber.com/davutoglu-dis-turkler-ve-dis-kurtler-himayemiz-altinda-2016-04-05.html (Accessed on 6 August 2019).

Facilitating Aliens of Turkish Descent to Perform Their Professions and Crafts Freely, and Their Employment in Public and Private Establishments or Businesses. (1981). Official Gazette (Law No: 2527). http://www.mevzuat.gov.tr/ MevzuatMetin/3.5.85488.pdf (Accessed on 6 August 2019).

"Halkların Demokratik Partisi Programı" (2019). http://www.hdp.org.tr/tr/parti/parti-programi/8 (Accessed on 6 August 2019).

Interim Article 5 in the Decree Law No. 375. (1989). http://www.mevzuat.gov.tr/Metin1.Aspx?MevzuatKod=4.5.375 &MevzuatIliski=0&sourceXmlSearch=&Tur=4&Tertip=5&No=375 (Accessed on 6 August 2019).

"İkamet Tezkereli Soydaşlara İstisnai Vatandaşlık Hakkı" (2017). http://www.balturk.org.tr/ikamet-tezkereli-soydaslara-istisnai-vatandaslik-hakki/ (Accessed on 6 August 2019)

"Kosova'da Soydaş Öğretmenler İçin Hizmet İçi Eğitim Düzenlendi" (2015). https://www.yee.org.tr/tr/haber/kosovada-soydas-ogretmenler-icin-hizmet-ici-egitim-duzenlendi. (Accessed on 6 August 2019).

"Mavi Kart (Eski Pembe Kart) Uygulaması" (2019). http://www.mfa.gov.tr/mavi-kart-_eski-pembe-kart_-uygulamasi-.tr.mfa (Accessed on 6 August 2019).

Mencutek, Z.S., Baser, B. (2018). "Mobilizing Diasporas: Insights from Turkey's Attempts to Reach Turkish Citizens Abroad", Journal of Balkan and Near Eastern Studies, 20 (1): 86-105.

https://doi.org/10.1080/19448953.2017.1375269

"MHP Parti Programı" (2009). http://www.mhp.org.tr/usr_img/_mhp2007/kitaplar/mhp_parti_programi_2009_opt.pdf (Accessed on 6 August 2019).

Oran, B. (2016). "Türk Teriminin Öyküsü", In: E.Aktoprak and A.C. Kaya (eds.) 21. Yüzyılda Milliyetçilik: Teori ve Siyaset, İstanbul: İletişim Yay.

Organization and Duties of Presidency for Turks Abroad and Related Communities (2010). Official Gazette (Law No: 5978). http://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/eskiler/2010/04/20100406-1.htm (Accessed on 6 August 2019).

Outreach for Teachers Who Are Foreign Nationals of Turkish Descent in Foreign Countries. (1960). Official Gazette (Law No: 168) http://www.mevzuat.gov.tr/MevzuatMetin/1.4.168.pdf (Accessed on 6 August 2019).

Settlement Law. (2006). Official Gazette (Law No: 5543). http://www.mevzuat.gov.tr/MevzuatMetin/1.5.5543.pdf. (Accessed on 6 August 2019).

"T.C. Atina Büyükelçisi Kerim Uras Batı Trakya'da", http://www.batitrakya.org/bati-trakya-haber/tc-atina-buyukelcisi-kerim-uras-bati-trakyada.html (Accessed on 6 August 2019).

TDK, http://www.tdk.gov.tr/index.php?option=com_bts (Accessed on 6 August 2019).

TMMOB, https://www.tmmob.org.tr/sites/default/files/tara0001.pdf, (Accessed on 6 August 2019).

Turkish Citizenship Law (2009). Official Gazette (Law No: 5901). https://www.mevzuat.gov.tr/MevzuatMetin/ 1.5.5901.pdf (Accessed on 6 August 2019).

Yaldız, F. (2018). "Türk Kamu Yönetiminde 'Soydaş'Sorunsalı: İç Politikadan Dış Politikaya". Amme İdaresi Dergisi, 51(4): 1-20.

"YTB'den Roman Raporu" (2015). http://www.radikal.com.tr/edirne-haber/balkan-romanlarinin-haklari-savunulacak-1392447/ (Accessed on 6 August 2019).

"65. Hükümet Programı" (2016). https://meclishaber.tbmm.gov.tr/develop/owa/haber_portal.aciklama?p1=137205 (Accessed on 6 August 2019)

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.