The Other Entrepreneurs - Migrant Economies as Spaces for Social Innovation?

Authors

  • Claudia Lintner University of Bolzen-Bolzano

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33182//ml.v16i2.742

Keywords:

crime, immigrant, Gini coefficient, unemployment rate, Spain

Abstract

This article analyses the relationship between migrant entrepreneurship, marginalisation and social innovation. It does so, by looking how their ‘otherness’ is used on the one hand to reproduce their marginalised situation in society and on the other to develop new living and working arrangements promoting social innovation in society. The paper is based on a qualitative study, which was carried out from March 2014- 2016. In this period, twenty semi-structured interviews were conducted with migrant entrepreneurs and experts. As the results show, migrant entrepreneurs are characterised by a false dichotomy of “native weakness” in economic self-organisation against the “classical strength” of majority entrepreneurs. It is shown that new possibilities of acting in the context of migrant entrepreneurship are mostly organised in close relation to the lifeworlds and specific needs deriving from this sphere. Social innovation processes initiated by migrant entrepreneurs through their economic activities thus develop on a micro level and are hence less apparent. Supportive networks are missing on a structural level, so it becomes difficult for single innovative initiatives to be long-lasting.

References

Bhabha, H. (1994). The Location of Culture. London and New York: Routledge.

Bourdieu, P. (1998). Practical Reason: On Theory of Action. Stanford: Stanford University Press.

Castles, S. (2010). Key Issues In Global Migration - A Human Development Approach, Migration Policy Review, 2 (2): 169- 190.

Chamber of commerce (2015). Imprese registrate, Unpublished data.

Fondazione Leone Moressa [FLM] (eds.). (2012). Rapporto annuale sull'economia dell'immigrazione. Immigrati: una risorsa in tempo di crisi. Bologna: Il Mulino.

Granovetter, M. (1985). "Economic Action and Social Structure: The Problem of Embeddedness", American Journal of Sociology, 91 (3): 481 - 510.

https://doi.org/10.1086/228311

Habermas, J. (2011). Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns. Berlin: Suhrkamp.

Hay, C. (2016). "Good in a crisis: the ontological institutionalism of social constructivism", New Political Economy, 21: 520-535.

https://doi.org/10.1080/13563467.2016.1158800

Hillman, F. (2008) "How socially innovative is migrant entrepreneurship? A Case study of Berlin". In D. Mac Callum, F. Moulaert, J. Hillier, S.V. Haddock. Social Innovation and Territorial development, Burlington: Ashgate.

Honneth, A. (1992): Kampf um Anerkennung. Zur moralischen Grammatik sozialer Konflikte. Frankfurt a. M.: Suhrkamp.

Kuptsch, C. (2012). "The Economic Crisis and Labour Migration Policy in European Countries", Comparative Population Studies, 37, 15-32.

Miller, D. and Le Breton –Miller, I. (2016). "Underdog Entrepreneurs: A Model of Challenge-based Entrepreneurship",Entrepreneurship: Theory and Practice.

Moulaert, F., Martinelli, F., Gonzalez, S., and Swyngedouw, E. (2007). "Introduction: Social Innovation and Governance in European Cities. Urban development between path-dependency and radical innovation", European Urban and Regional Studies, 14(3): 195–209.

https://doi.org/10.1177/0969776407077737

Mulgan, G. (2006). "The Process of Social Innovation", Innovations. Technology, Governance, Globalization, 1 (2): 145 - 162.

https://doi.org/10.1162/itgg.2006.1.2.145

Nussbaum, M. C. (2010). Creating Capabilities: The Human Development Approach. Cambridge: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.

Pécoud, A. (2009) "Entrepreneurship and Identity among German Turks in Berlin". [online] http://intergraph-journal.net/enhanced/vol2_1/pecoud/pecoudframes.htm (Accessed 15 September 2016).

Rutherford, J. (1990). The Third Space: Interview with Homi Bhabha. Identity, Community, Culture, Difference. London, Lawrence and Wishart.

Schmiz, A. (2013). "Migrant self-employment between precariousness and self-exploitation". ephemera. theory & politics in organization, 13: 54-73.

Strauss, A., and Corbin, J. (1994). Grounded Theory Methodology. An Overview. In: K. D. Norman and Y. S. Lincoln (Eds.) Handbook of Qualitative Research. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.

Published

2019-04-05

How to Cite

Lintner, C. (2019). The Other Entrepreneurs - Migrant Economies as Spaces for Social Innovation?. Migration Letters, 16(2), 265-271. https://doi.org/10.33182//ml.v16i2.742

Issue

Section

Articles