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Disintegration of the European Asylum Systems: A Featuring Attempt

Hélène Syed Zwick

Abstract

This study assesses the integration path of national asylum systems within the European Union between 2008 and 2017. We apply factor and cluster analyses using ten European harmonised indicators on asylum, managed migration and immigration legislation enforcement. Our results are threefold: first, the disintegration of the European asylum systems started in 2012, three years before the mediatisation of the so-called refugee crisis. Second, this disintegration is rooted in Germany’s open-door refugee policy on one side, and excessive repressive policies on the borders in Italy, France, Spain and Poland. Third, the number of applications and the number of third-country nationals found to be illegally present or ordered to leave do not appear as roots of disintegration.

Keywords

cluster analysis; asylum policy; European Union

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