Trump, Migration, and Agriculture

Philip L. Martin

Abstract

The US is the country of immigration, with almost 20 per cent of the world’s 260 million international migrants. The number two country with international migrants, Germany, has 12 million, a fourth as many as the almost 48 million foreign-born US residents (UN DESA, 2017). The US stands alone among industrial countries in having a quarter of its immigrants, almost 11 million, unauthorised (Passel and Cohn, 2018). President Trump made reducing illegal immigration a priority. Major migration issues today include the fate of programs such as DACA, what to do about Central American families who apply for asylum, and whether to build a wall on the Mexico-US border. In December 2018-January 2019, there was a partial shutdown of the federal government, the third in Trump’s first two years as President, because Congress failed to include $5 billion for the border wall in bills that fund DHS and other federal agencies. Meanwhile, Mexico agreed to issue humanitarian visas to Central Americans who enter the US and apply for asylum, so that Central American asylum seekers may wait in Mexico for US decisions on their cases

Keywords

Donald Trump; migration policy; United States; agriculture; illegal migration

Full Text:

PDF

References

Beinart, Peter (2017). How the Democrats Lost Their Way on Immigration. The Atlantic. www.theatlantic. com/magazine/archive/2017/07/the-democrats-immigration-mistake/528678/

Capps, Randy, Mark Greenberg, Michael Fix, and Jie Zong (2018). Gauging the Impact of DHS’ Proposed Public-Charge Rule on U.S. Immigration. Migration Policy Institute. www.migrationpolicy.org/research/ impact-dhs-public-charge-rule-immigration

Chishti, Muzaffar, Doris Meissner, Claire Bergeron (2011). At its 25th Anniversary, IRCA's Legacy Lives On. Migration Policy Institute. https://www.migrationpolicy.org/article/its-25th-anniversary-ircas-legacy-lives

Martin, Philip (1994). Good intentions gone awry: IRCA and US agriculture. The Annals of the Academy of Political and Social Science, Vol 534: 44-57. July http://www.jstor.org/stable/1048497

Martin, Philip (2005). AgJOBS. New Solution or New Problem. UC Davis Law Review. Vol 38, No 3. Pp 973-991. https://lawreview.law.ucdavis.edu/issues/38/3/symposium-immigration-civil-rights-after-sept11/ DavisVol38No3_Martin.pdf

Martin, Philip (2014). The H-2A Program; Evolution, Impacts, and Outlook. Pp 33-62. Chapter 2 in David Griffith, Ed. (Mis)managing Migration. Guestworkers’ Experiences with North American Labor Market. SAR Press. https://sarweb.org/mismanaging-migration/

Martin, Philip (2017). President Trump and Migration after 100 Days. Migration Letters. Vol 14. No 2. https://doi.org/10.33182/ml.v14i2.335

Martin, Philip (2018). Agriculture and International Labor Flows. Kansas City Federal Reserve Economic Review. www.kansascityfed.org/~/media/files/publicat/econrev/econrevarchive/2018/si18martin.pdf

Migration News (2006). Senate Approves CIRA. Vol 13. No 3. https://migration.ucdavis.edu/mn/ more. php?id=3199

Migration News (2012). DREAM, States, Elections. Vol 19. No 4. https://migration.ucdavis.edu/mn/ more. php?id=3199

Migration News (2013a). Senate Approves S 744. Vol 20. No 3. https://migration.ucdavis.edu/mn/ more. php?id=3838

Migration News (2013b). Immigration Reform: House. Vol 20. No 4. https://migration.ucdavis.edu/mn/ more. php?id=3856

Mohan, Geoffrey (2017). As California’s labor shortage grows, farmers race to replace workers with robots. Los Angeles Times. July 21. https://www.latimes.com/projects/la-fi-farm-mechanization/

Passel, Jeffrey and D’Vera Cohn. (2018). U.S. Unauthorized Immigrant Total Dips to Lowest Level in a Decade. Pew. http://www.pewhispanic.org/2018/11/27/u-s-unauthorized-immigrant-total-dips-to-lowest-level-in-a-decade/

Pierce, Sarah, Jessica Bolter, and Andrew Selee (2018). U.S. Immigration Policy under Trump: Deep Changes and Lasting Impacts. Migration Policy Institute. www.migrationpolicy.org/research/us-immigration-policy-trump-deep-changes-impacts

Rural Migration News (2015). Obama Acts: DAPA and DACA. Vol 21. No 1. https://migration.ucdavis.edu/ rmn/ more.php?id=1874

Rural Migration News (2018a). H-2A, H-2B. Vol 24. No 3. https://migration.ucdavis.edu/ rmn/ more.php?id=2186

Rural Migration News (2018b). H-2A, H-2B, H-2C. Vol 24. No 4. https://migration.ucdavis.edu/ rmn /more.php?id=2214

Rural Migration News Blog (2018). H-2A Job Certifications Top 240,000 in 2018. https://migration.ucdavis. edu/ rmn/blog/post/?id=2225

Strong, Jennifer and Daniela Hernandez (2018). Robots Head for the Fields. Wall Street Journal. October 2. https://www.wsj.com/articles/robots-head-for-the-fields-1538426976?mod=hp_jr_pos1

UN DESA (2017). International Migration Stock: the 2017 Revision. http://www.un.org/en/development/ desa/population/migration/data/estimates2/estimates17.shtml

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.