An Assessment of the Refugees' Access to Labor and Housing Markets and Healthcare Services in Turkey from Syrian Refugees' Perspective

Inci Aksu Kargin

Abstract

In March 2011, Syrians engaged in peaceful protests as a means of demanding socioeconomic reform. However, the regime’s response prompted the start of a civil war, which has caused hundreds of thousands of civilians to lose their lives and millions more to seek asylum in neighboring countries, with Turkey serving as the destination for most of Syria’s refugees. This study assesses the Syrian refugees’ experiences as they attempt to navigate the Turkish labor and housing markets and access healthcare services. By conducting semi-structured interviews with 60 Syrian refugees in Hatay and Gaziantep provinces of Turkey, this study has determined that the Syrian refugees in Turkey have been forced to work for less pay than the country’s citizens and without insurance, expected to pay high rents and deposits for housing, and they have experienced numerous problems in accessing healthcare services in Turkey such as having difficulty in accessing proper translation services.

Keywords

Refugee studies; Syrian refugees in Turkey; labor market; housing market; healthcare services

Full Text:

PDF

References

AFAD. (2017). Suriyeli s???nmac?lara yap?lan yard?mlar. Retrieved June 29, 2017, from AFAD website: https://www.afad.gov.tr/upload/Node/2373/files/Suriyeli _Siginmacilara_Yapilan_Yardimlar+1.pdf.

Bidinger, S., Lang, A., Hites, D., Kuzmova, Y., Noureddine, E., and Akram, S. M. (2015). Protecting Syrian refugees: Laws, policies, and global responsibility sharing (Rep.). Retrieved June 11, 2017, from Boston University website: http://www.bu.edu/law/files/2015/07/FINALFullReport.pdf

Bilecen, B., & Yurtseven, D. (2018). Temporarily protected Syrians' access to the healthcare system in Turkey: Changing policies and remaining challenges. Migration Letters, 15(1), 113-124.

Bircan, T., & Sunata, U. (2015). Educational assessment of Syrian refugees in Turkey. Migration Letters, 12(3), 226.

Chambers, R. (1986). Hidden losers? The impact of rural refugees and refugee programs on poorer hosts. The International Migration Review, 20(2), 245-263. doi:10.2307/2546034

elik Nacar, P. (2018, February 8). Suriyeli mltecilerin ila kaosu bitiyor. Sabah. Retrieved April 20, 2018, from https://www.sabah.com.tr/ekonomi/2018/ 02/08/suriyeli-multecilerin-ilac-kaosu-bitiyor.

Diner, O.B., Federici, V., Ferris, E., Karaca, S., Kiri?i, K., and zmenek arm?kl?, E. (2013, November). Turkey and Syrian refugees: The limits of hospitality (Rep.). Retrieved June 11, 2017, from The Brookings Institute website: http://www.brookings.edu/~/media/research/files/reports/2013/11/18-syria-turkey-refugees/turkey-and-syrian-refugees_the-limits-of-hospitality-(2014).pdf

Erdo?an, M. M. (2015a, May). Trkiye'deki Suriyeliler: Ortak gelece?in ka?n?lmazl??? zerine. Analist. Retrieved June 11, 2016, from http://www.analistdergisi.com/sayi/2015/05/turkiye-deki-suriyeliler-ortak-gelecegin-kacinilmazligi-uzerine

Erdo?an, M. M. (2015b). Trkiye'deki Suriyeliler: Toplumsal kabul ve uyum. ?stanbul: ?stanbul Bilgi niversitesi Yay?nlar?.

Gettleman, J. (2012, August 4). As Syria war roils, unrest among sects hits Turkey. New York Times. Retrieved April 20, 2018, from http://query.nytimes. com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9C01E3DC1139F936A3575BC0A9649D8B63.

Gok, F. A., & ifci, E. G. (2017). Position of the Syrian refugee children in printed media. Border Crossing, 7(2), 231-248.

Gkgz, G., Arena, A., & Ayd?n, C. (2017). Comparative analysis of public attitudes towards Syrian refugees in Turkish cities of Ankara and Hatay. In D. Ero?lu Utku, K. O. Unutulmaz, & ?. Sirkeci (Eds.), Turkeys Syrians: Today and tomorrow (pp. 131-144). London: Transnational Press London.

Kiri?i, K. (2014). Syrian refugees and Turkeys challenges: Going beyond hospitality (Rep.). Retrieved May 31, 2018 from The Brookings Institutions website: https://www.brookings.edu/wp-content/uploads/2016/06/Syrian-Refugees-and-Turkeys-Challenges-May-14-2014.pdf

Kreibaum, M. (2014, June 09). Their suffering, our burden? How Congolese refugees affect the Ugandan population. Retrieved June 20, 2017, from http://www.worldbank.org/content/dam/Worldbank/Feature Story/Africa/afr-merle-kreibaum.pdf

Maystadt, J.F., and Verwimp, P. (2014). Winners and losers among a refugee hosting population. Economic Development and Cultural Change, 62, 769-809.

Miller, K. E., and Rasco, L. M. (2004). An ecological framework for addressing the mental health needs of refugee communities. In K. E. Miller & L. M. Rasco (Eds.), The mental health of refugees: Ecological approaches to healing and adaptation (pp. 1-64). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.

Orhan, O. (2014, April). Suriyeye kom?u lkelerde Suriyeli mltecilerin durumu: Bulgular, sonular ve neriler (Rep. No. 189). Retrieved June 22, 2016, from ORSAM website: http://www.orsam.org.tr/tr/trUploads/Yazilar/Dosyalar/ 2014424_orsam rapor 189tur.pdf

Ruiz, I., and Vargas-Silva, C. (2016, March). The labor market impacts of forced migration. Growth and Labour Markets in Low Income Countries Programme, Working Papers 6. Retrieved April 20, 2018, from ftp://ftp.iza.org/dps/glmlic7.pdf.

Sirkeci, I. (2017). Turkeys refugees, Syrians and refugees from Turkey: a country of insecurity. Migration Letters, 14(1), 127-144.

TEB Mersin Eczac? Odas?. (2018). Geici koruma kapsam?ndaki yabanc?lar?n faturaland?rma i?lemleri hakk?nda. Retrieved April 20, 2018, from TEB Mersin Eczac?lar Odas? website: http://www.mersineczaciodasi.org.tr/Sayfa/gecici-koruma-kapsamindaki-yabancilarin-faturalandirma-islemleri-hakkinda-11324.

Trk Tabipleri Birli?i. (2014). Suriyeli s???nmac?lar ve sa?l?k hizmetleri raporu. Retrieved July 4, 2016, from Trk Tabipleri Birli?i website: http://www.ttb.org.tr/kutuphane/siginmacirpr.pdf .

Tu?rk Tabipleri Birli?i. (2016). Sava?, g ve sa?l?k. Retrieved July 4, 2016, from Tu?rk Tabipleri Birli?i website: https://www.ttb.org.tr/kutuphane/ siginmacilar _rpr.pdf .

UNHCR. (2018a). Syria Regional Refugee Response: Inter-agency Information Sharing Portal: Regional Overview. Retrieved January 25, 2018, from UNHCR website: http://data.unhcr.org/syrianrefugees/regional.php.

UNHCR. (2018b). Syria Regional Refugee Response: Inter-agency Information Sharing Portal: Turkey. Retrieved January 25, 2018, from UNHCR website: http://data.unhcr.org/syrianrefugees/country.php?id=224.

Utku, D. E., Unutulmaz, K. O., Sirkeci, I. (eds.) (2017). Turkey's Syrians: Today and Tomorrow. London, UK: Transnational Press London.

Yazgan, P., Utku, D. E., & Sirkeci, I. (2015). Syrian crisis and migration. Migration Letters, 12(3), 181-192.

Yucesahin, M. M., & Sirkeci, I. (2017). Demographic gaps between Syrian and the European populations: What do they suggest? Border Crossing, 7(2), 207-230.

Zetter, R. (2015). Protection in crisis: Forced migration and protection in a global era. Retrieved from Transatlantic Council on Migration & Migration Policy Institute website: http://www.migrationpolicy.org/research/protection-crisis-forced-migration-and-protection-global-era.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.