Combatting fraud as a disincentive of an unintended economic migrant: A comparative review of the direct Turkish model and the indirect Australian model
Keywords:Australian Public Interest Criteria 4020, combatting fraud, migration review tribunal, Turkey’s foreigners and protection law, unintended economic migrants
Under the new Turkish Law on Foreigners and International Protection (Article 54) represents a rapid deterrent approach as the consequences of fraud are implemented within 30 days. In contrast to the Turkish approach, Public Interest Criteria 4020 used in Australian law implies a lengthy process that may take up to two years. A quantitative analysis of retrospective data (2010-2014) of the Australian Migration Review Tribunal substantiated the notion that in contrast to the Turkish model, the Australian model is used as a procrastinating tool to the advantage of unintended economic migrants to remain in Australia.