Uneven Temporalities of Modernity: The Portrayal of Modernisation in E. M. Forster’s Howards End and Füruzan’s 47'liler


  • Burcu Alkan Bahcesehir University




Modernity and the Novel, Portraying Modernisation, E. M. Forster’s Howards End, Füruzan’s 47’liler


Arguably a cultural consequence of the extensive societal transformation that is modernisation, the novel is a literary form that bears witness to, embodies and reveals its extent. Each literary tradition has its own version of the modern novel that seeks to make sense of the complexities of such an immense force. This paper compares two novels, E. M. Forster’s Howards End (1910) and Füruzan’s 47’liler (1974, Generation of ’47), in order to explore some of the similarities and differences between the English and Turkish literary responses to modernisation. The incentive for such an uncommon comparison comes from the uneven temporalities of the modernisation process in varying geographies that accentuate unique probabilities alongside general patterns. By choosing two temporally disparate novels from cultures that have differing experiences with modernity, it aims to challenge conventional approaches and encourage alternative perspectives in both literary traditions.

Author Biography

Burcu Alkan, Bahcesehir University

Dr Burcu Alkan received her PhD from the Universityof Manchesterin 2009. She worked on a TÜBİTAK funded and EU/COST supported project on the “Women Writers of Turkey” between 2010 and 2012. She has been working at BahçeşehirUniversityas an adjunct faculty member since 2013. Having co-edited the DLB 373: Turkish Novelists Since 1960 (2013, ISBN: 978-0787696481), she is currently co-editing its second volume, DLB 379: Turkish Novelists Since 1960, Second Series, to be published in December 2016. Recently, she has been working in the field of medical humanities, on the relationship between psychiatry and literature. Her research includes works on psychoanalysis, self-destruction, suicide, and mental health.



How to Cite

Alkan, B. (2016). Uneven Temporalities of Modernity: The Portrayal of Modernisation in E. M. Forster’s Howards End and Füruzan’s 47’liler. Border Crossing, 7(1), 35-48. https://doi.org/10.33182/bc.v7i1.476