The Agonist <p class="justify"><strong><em>The Agonist</em> </strong>is an journal dedicated to the investigation of Nietzsche’s works and his influences on contemporary culture in different fields such as arts, philosophy, religion, and science, to name only a few. In the spirit of his philosophical pursuit, the journal publishes essays within Nietzsche scholarship and beyond academia. The journal also examines Nietzsche’s relationship to figures from previous ages, as we have done in one of our issues entitled “Nietzsche in History.” Furthermore, Nietzsche continues to inspire many artistic, cultural, and intellectual movements. We explore his influences on such movements with authors who work in these areas, as we have done in the issue on Nietzsche and Trans- and Post-humanism. In addition to essays and book reviews, we also publish interviews and exegeses. We publish only previously unpublished materials. <em>The Agonist</em> is an international peer-reviewed journal, which is read all over the world. </p> <p class="justify"><em>The Agonist</em> is published by <a href=""><em>Transnational Press London</em></a> on behalf of the <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><em>Nietzsche Circle</em></a>. The journal is made available only through the modest subscription collections we receive from libraries and readers. If you believe in the mission of this journal, we kindly ask you to support us.</p> <p class="justify">The Agonist is published twice a year in May and November.</p> <p class="m_4286799904046857366MsoNoSpacing"><strong>ISSN 2752-4132 (Print) </strong><strong>ISSN 2752-4140 (Online)</strong></p> Transnational Press London en-US The Agonist 2752-4132 <p>All rights reserved.</p> Andre Bogart Szabo Art Images <p>see art images. My works on canvas celebrate concepts presented in Nietzsche's ‘The Birth of Tragedy,’ particularly the duality between Apollo and Dionysus (order/disorder, rational logic/amorous frenzy...consider Dionysus as presented in Euripedes’ The Bacchae). In addition, my work is inspired in part by the ‘excremental philosophy’ of Georges Bataille, a philosopher who wrote extensively on Nietzsche.</p> Andre Szabo Copyright (c) 2021 Author, The Agonist, Transnational Press London 2021-08-31 2021-08-31 15 2 91 100 10.33182/agon.v15i2.1456 Book reviews <p><strong><em>Nietzsche: filosofo della libertà. </em></strong>Laura Langone (Edizioni ETS, 2019, ISBN: 978-8846754790). <em>Reviewed by Alice Giordano, Vita-Salute San Raffaele University, Milan</em></p> <p><strong><em>Nietzsche’s Culture War: The Unity of the Untimely Meditations. </em></strong>Shilo Brooks(Palgrave Macmillan, 2018, ISBN: 3319615203) <em>Reviewed by Dirk R. Johnson, Hampden-Sydney College, United States</em></p> <p><strong><em>Nietzsche and the Antichrist: Religion, Politics, and Culture in Late Modernity </em></strong>Edited By Daniel Conway (Bloomsbury Academic 2019, ISBN: 9781350016880) <em>Reviewed by Paul E. Kirkland, Carthage College, United States</em></p> Alice Giordano Dirk R. Johnson Paul E. Kirkland Copyright (c) 2021 Transnational Press London 2021-08-31 2021-08-31 15 2 101 111 10.33182/agon.v15i2.1822 Cur Story as Self <p>What might be the basis of the temporal story linking a subject’s manifestations and transformations, if there is no stable core or substantial self “behind” or “before” our deeds, such that our selves lie within our deeds? So asks Robert Pippin in <em>Nietzsche, Psychology, and First Philosophy.</em> I explore the ways in which a story can find its basis in both “the self” and “the world.” Noting that Nietzsche insists on the separation (lack of causality) between thoughts, deeds, and the image we have of a given deed, I suggest that stories, when wielded consciously, are themselves deeds that can serve to magnify, reduce, or alter the images of previous or future deeds, based on what the interactions between our environment and our "true need" allows us to do. I note that they are often themselves inventions, not needing to be the result of factual occurrences in the world. Seen in this way, stories are a powerful tool for self- and world-transformation, and can enable us to create beautiful versions of ourselves that may not always be or feel initially “true.”</p> Robert Malka Copyright (c) 2021 Author, The Agonist, Transnational Press London 2021-08-31 2021-08-31 15 2 43 52 10.33182/agon.v15i2.1621 Seeking Nietzsche's Greatv Tree of Humanity: Nietzsche and Powers' The Overstory <p>This essay reconstructs Nietzsche’s ecological and environmental thought by focusing on his idea of the human-earth (<em>Menschen-Erde</em>) and his deep concern for the natural world. It then articulates these thoughts in a coordinate reading of Richard Powers’s environmentally focused novel <em>The Overstory</em> (2019). Nietzsche understands that the human position on the Earth is precarious and that we are in danger of injuring our fragile environmental surround. I attempt to clarify the contemporary relevance of this thought by showing how his diagnosis chimes with current ecological thinking. Nietzsche saw not only dangers but opportunities in the relation of humans to their environment. His writings as well as his daily life exhibit intense interest in trees and forests. He foresaw that too much forest clearing could endanger the climate, leading to excessive warming. Nietzsche also imagined that the humans might foster a “great tree of humanity” (WS 188-89), a green expansion of their environment, and Zarathustra anticipates living in the world as a garden (Z “The Convalescent”). Richard Powers’s <em>The Overstory</em> speaks to a time that is much more deeply informed about our precarious ecological situation. The novelist dramatizes this in a narrative that brings together a number of disparate individuals, drawn to defend an old-growth US West Coast forest from the state-supported depradations of industrial logging. These figures learn about “the secret life of trees,” their mutual dependence and communication, as they experiment with a new life high among the branches. Their different fates pose a variety of questions relevant to Nietzsche’s ideas for a transvalued Earth. </p> Gary Shapiro Copyright (c) 2021 Author, The Agonist, Transnational Press London 2021-08-31 2021-08-31 15 2 53 60 10.33182/agon.v15i2.1627 Nietzsche's Pelagianism: Dionysus versus the Crucified <p>When Nietzsche writes in<em> Ecce Homo: “Theologically speaking - listen closely, for I rarely speak as a theologian - it was God himself who at the end of his days work lay down as a serpent under the tree of knowledge: thus he recuperated from being God. - He had made everything too beautiful. - The devil is merely the leisure of God on that seventh day.”</em> (Ecce Homo, “Beyond Good and Evil,” §2) He is insinuating an alliance with an uncited source - Pelagianus Hereticus who believed there was no ‘original sin’ but that the will power of human beings could bring humanity to salvation. A method that bears stark affinities with Nietzsche’s writings on will to power in the sense that human will power wills a transcendence to what is, rather than the metaphysics of a transcendent God providing grace to those in need of salvation from above. This marks an interesting detour in church orthodoxy, a path not taken and one has to wonder that given Nietzsche’s reputation as a well read historian of ideas and theology whether he was writing a sort of theological exegesis through ressentiment. A history of ideas for the future through the eyes of those who lost as a kind of error, a kind of pathos. In this paper, I try to explore this treatment of Nietzsche’s work to bring a new interpretation onto his work, one that is hidden in plain sight in lieu of his work on pushing ethics beyond good and evil, his views on phantasmagoria, and the penultimate writings at the end of his productive years where he describes his writings as “Dionysus versus the Crucified.”</p> Bradley Kaye Copyright (c) 2021 Author, The Agonist, Transnational Press London 2021-08-31 2021-08-31 15 2 61 74 10.33182/agon.v15i2.1622 Cursing the Curse:Nietzsche on the Machiavellianism of Pity: Reading The Antichrist 2-7 in Light of Ecce Homo <p>The specific focus of this paper is exegesis of the critique of pity in AC 2-7 by means of the autobiographical account in Ecce Homo of the destructive intrusion of pity on him in Wise/4. There he lists three cases of pity's intrusions: into his great destiny, into his solitude of recovering from wounding in (spiritual) warfare, and into his privileged right to a heavy guilt. As we trace these three cases back to their locations in the chapter where they are first introduced, it can be seen that all are cases of his evolution to Mehrleben, thus to make his critique of pity's intrusion the criticism that it vengefully sought to thwart his evolutionary development. He states that his experience from these cases gives him the right to make a generlization about pity.&nbsp; These cases then become the autobiographical foundation of his criticism of pity in AC 7 that it is hostile to life in thwarting evolutionary development. The more general aim of the paper is to fix the relationship of EH to AC as introduction as the relationship of autobiography as epistemology to the unmasking psychology of Christianity in AC, in this case and several other cases cited.&nbsp; This is to bring the relationship into line with what Nietzsche himself&nbsp; claims for it in his letter to Naumann of November 6, 1888 and to counter the view that the relationship is merely instrumental in EH serving to secure a good reception for AC and, accordingly, was a work of less importance to Nietzsche than was AC.&nbsp;</p> Thomas Steinbuch Copyright (c) 2021 Author, The Agonist, Transnational Press London 2021-08-31 2021-08-31 15 2 75 89 10.33182/agon.v15i2.1629 Editors’ Note <p>Welcome to our spring 2021 issue of <em>The Agonist</em>: “The Antichrist.” We would like to thank all of our contributing writers and dedicated editorial team. We would also like to express our enormous gratitude to our new publishers, Ibrahim Sirkeci and the Transnational Press London. We look forward to working with you! In this issue our writers present four essays that once again rethink our relationship with Nietzsche’s controversial, later writings. Robert Malka explores the ways in which a story can find its basis in both the self and the world in Nietzsche's works. Gary Shapiro reimagines Nietzsche as a proto-ecologist or prophet of environmentalism. Bradley Kaye mines the strange affinities between Nietzsche and Pelagianism. And finally, Thomas Steinbuch treats us to “Cursing the Curse: Nietzsche on the Machiavellianism of Pity” in the early sections of <em>The Antichrist</em>.&nbsp;</p> Editorial Team Copyright (c) 2021 Transnational Press London 2021-08-31 2021-08-31 15 2 39 41 10.33182/agon.v15i2.1821 Front Matter <p>The Agonist, Journal information</p> The Agonist Copyright (c) 2021 Transnational Press London 2021-08-31 2021-08-31 15 2