The Agonist 2022-08-30T08:27:53+00:00 Michael Polesny Open Journal Systems <p class="justify"><strong><em>The Agonist</em> </strong>is an journal dedicated to the investigation of Nietzsche’s works and his influences on contemporary culture in different fields such as arts, philosophy, religion, and science, to name only a few. In the spirit of his philosophical pursuit, the journal publishes essays within Nietzsche scholarship and beyond academia. The journal also examines Nietzsche’s relationship to figures from previous ages, as we have done in one of our issues entitled “Nietzsche in History.” Furthermore, Nietzsche continues to inspire many artistic, cultural, and intellectual movements. We explore his influences on such movements with authors who work in these areas, as we have done in the issue on Nietzsche and Trans- and Post-humanism. In addition to essays and book reviews, we also publish interviews and exegeses. We publish only previously unpublished materials. <em>The Agonist</em> is an international peer-reviewed journal, which is read all over the world. </p> <p class="justify"><em>The Agonist</em> is published by <a href=""><em>Transnational Press London</em></a> on behalf of the <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><em>Nietzsche Circle</em></a>. The journal is made available only through the modest subscription collections we receive from libraries and readers. If you believe in the mission of this journal, we kindly ask you to support us.</p> <p class="justify"><em>The Agonist</em> is published twice a year in May and November. </p> <p class="justify"><em>The Agonist</em> is indexed by <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">ERIH Plus</a> and <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">RePEc</a>. </p> <p class="m_4286799904046857366MsoNoSpacing"><strong>ISSN 2752-4132 (Print) </strong><strong>ISSN 2752-4140 (Online)</strong></p> Stern, Tom (Ed.) The New Cambridge Companion to Nietzsche 2022-08-29T06:36:37+00:00 Stavros Patoussis <p>Stern, Tom (Ed.)<strong> The New Cambridge Companion to Nietzsche.</strong>&nbsp;Reviewed by Stavros Patoussis.&nbsp;The Cambridge Companion series is a widely acclaimed way for students and scholars to acquire a wide yet sophisticated perspective into the respective main topic. A new Cambridge Companion on Nietzsche represents the consistently growing knowledge and persisting interest in scholarship on him. The following review will first focus on each contribution to the volume. Afterwards, there will be an overview on the merits of the Companion as an introduction to Nietzsche, as well as its scholarly qualities asking what the new edition is able to set as a standard for contemporary interpretations of his philosophy.</p> 2022-07-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Author, The Agonist, Transnational Press London Anas Karzai, Nietzsche and Sociology: Prophet of Affirmation 2022-08-29T06:52:56+00:00 Vasfi Onur Özen <p>Anas Karzai, <strong>Nietzsche and Sociology: Prophet of Affirmation. </strong>Reviewed by Vasfi Onur Özen.&nbsp;<a href="#_ftn1" name="_ftnref1"></a>In <em>Nietzsche and Sociology: Prophet of Affirmation</em>, Anas Karzai attempts to revive and defend the thesis that there is a crucial yet neglected connection between Nietzsche and sociology. In particular, Karzai’s book discusses the relevance of Nietzsche’s critical reflections on society and culture to modern sociological theory, which descends from Kant and Comte through Marx and Engels to Durkheim and Weber. The book has a critical agenda as well. By making use of Nietzsche’s insights into society, culture, and politics, Karzai hopes to expose how modern sociological theory retains many of the assumptions and approaches that gained a foothold during the reign of orthodox positivism of the 19<sup>th</sup> century, which reflect traditional sociology’s stubborn preoccupation with the issues of social order and moral integration.</p> 2022-07-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Author, The Agonist, Transnational Press London Dennis Vanden Auweele. Exceeding Reason: Freedom and Religion in Schelling and Nietzsche 2022-08-29T07:09:25+00:00 Pedro Nagem de Souza <p>Dennis Vanden Auweele. <strong>Exceeding Reason:</strong> <strong>Freedom and Religion in Schelling and Nietzsche</strong>.&nbsp;Reviewed by Pedro Nagem de Souza.&nbsp;Dennis Vanden Auweele’s book has the rare merit of reconciling a rigorous and focused reading of classical philosophers with a genuine philosophical proposal. As a historian of philosophy, he tries to recover the meaning of his source’s thoughts in their context. And as a philosopher himself, he absorbs them as predecessors while trying to respond to a legitimate contemporary concern.</p> 2022-07-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Author, The Agonist, Transnational Press London The Laws of Manu and Nietzsche's Attainable Perfection 2022-06-12T15:26:32+00:00 Bradley Kaye <p>Nietzsche's views on the Laws of Manu are widely considered some of his most controversial. Even among those who express a supportive view of Nietzschean philosophy tend to shy away or outright ignore his apparent praise for the laws responsible for the caste system in India. It is strange enough that Nietzsche would ever comment on the caste system and weirder still is that these comments on the Laws of Manu seem to be one of the only overt examples of Nietzsche’s political philosophy. It might be akin to contemporary readers of Hegel’s Phenomenology of Spirit suddenly getting goosebumps and chills of terror as they discover the conclusive section of ‘Observing Reason’ where Hegel devotes time and effort to discussing the defunct science of phrenology.</p> 2022-07-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Author, The Agonist, Transnational Press London Nietzsche and Ancient Greek, Oral Culture: A glimpse of his philosophy through the anachronistic lens of some 20th century classicists 2022-03-27T18:23:46+00:00 Craig Lanza <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">In the 1920s, a brilliant scholar and classist named Milliam Parry made a unique discovery. In studying oral, epic poets in the Balkans, Parry discovered that Homer’s classic texts were obviously orally composed and bear all of the hallmarks of such compositions. Parry, who passed away tragically at a young age, was followed by a host of scholars who argued that much of ancient Greek culture was oral and poetic in nature and that the shift towards a written culture brought with it fundamental changes in worldview. Oral culture involved a circular notion of temporality focused less on permanence, and was essentially a culture of becoming. Many of these classicists have argued that the early Greek writings essentially “recorded” oral, performative works and therefore, the likes of Homer, Hesiod, and Heraclitus were essentially products of an oral and poetic tradition. By contrast, written culture brought with it an appreciation of exactitude, valued permanence and paved the way for “Classical Metaphysics.” </span><span style="font-weight: 400;">Friedrich Nietzsche, before he became a philosopher, was an accomplished, young philologist. Although Nietzsche wrote years before Parry, Nietzsche’s interest in the early ancients such as Heraclitus and attic tragedy reflects an appreciation of oral culture. Nietzsche writing after the post-Darwinian, reorganization of human knowledge did not just reject “Classical Metaphysics' ' and Christanity. Nietzsche was also a philologist who truly understood ancient cultures and his project was greatly influenced by this ancient, oral Greek culture, even if he did not describe it in that fashion. </span></p> 2022-07-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Author, The Agonist, Transnational Press London Front Matter 2022-08-30T08:27:53+00:00 Agonist tplondon 2022-08-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Author, The Agonist, Transnational Press London